Evaluation of the dairy and growth performance of Djelli cattle in the traditional environment of Niger

Guéro C. Issoufou, Gréma Moustapha, Adamou K. Ibrahim, Issa Moumouni


The development of Djelli cattle breeding in Niger remains a challenge due to the limited information available on production performance. Therefore, conducting an evaluation of Djelli performance in its current breeding conditions in a traditional environment was deemed important. Evaluation of the production performance was carried out in three localities in the communes of Gothèye and Say in Niger. Manual milking followed by calf weighing was carried out on 81 farmers to determine their milk production. Descriptive statistical techniques such as mean and standard deviation wereestimated using SPSS software v21. To compare means, an analysis of variance (ANOVA) followed by Tukey's multiple comparison test was also performed. The results revealed that average daily milk production obtained by farmers was 1.66±0.52 kg in the dry season, and 2.09±0.73 kg in the middle of the rainy season. Average production at peak lactation was 2.48 kg in the dry season, and 3.47 kg at the end of the rainy season. The weight of male calves was higher than females (P<0.001) at birth (21.68±1.74 kg for males versus 20.27±1.64 kg for females), at 1 month of age (30.17±1.98 kg for males versus 28.43±1.92 kg for females) and at 2 months of age (37.9±2.4 kg for males versus 35.27±3.01 kg for females). The average birth weight for both sexes was 20.93±1.82kg. The average daily gain (ADG) of male calves was also higher to that of females (P<0.001) (270.31±40.79 g in males versus 250±43.68 g in females). In conclusion these results are likely to serve as the basis for a selection program aimed at improving the performance of the Djelli zebu from Niger.


Average daily gain; Average birth; Cattle breeding; Daily milk production; Production performance Local cattle; Djelli; Niger


Aboly N.B., Konan M.K., Brou G.K.G., Silué N and Soro R.Y. 2021. Reproduction and growth of two cattle breeds (N'Dama and crossbred) in the Montagnes district of western Côte d'Ivoire. Revue d'elevage et de medecine veterinaire des pays tropicaux, 74 (2), 115-120.

Adamou Karimou I., Issa M., Abdou H., Malam Bako S and Marichatou H. 2017. Breeding practices and morphometric indicators of dairy performance among Kouri cattle breeders in Niger. Revue d'elevage et de medecine veterinaire des pays tropicaux, 70 (2), 51-58,

Ali, O. 2004. Milk production and growth of Azawak zebu in a real environment: Monitoring and technical evaluation of the project to support Azawak cattle breeding in the agropastoral zone of Niger. Thesis of veterinary medicine Dakar. 82p

Andres, L., Bodé, S., Faux, J., Laouali, A., Yamba, B., and Lebailly, P. 2014. A proposal of a vulnerability index in the pastoral food system in the Republic of Niger: A case of the Department of Abalak. Agriculture and Forestry, 60, 35-42.

Arifa, W., Mahamadou, C. and Laouali, S. (2022). Agricultural Mechanization in Niger: What Role do Animals Play?. American Journal of Applied Sciences, 19, 34-42.

Doko A.S., Gbégo Tossa I., Tobada P., Mama Yari H., Lokossou R., Tchobo A and Alkoiret T. 2012. Reproductive and milk production performance of Girolando cattle at the Kpinnou breeding farm in southwest. Bulletin de la RechercheAgronomique du Bénin (BRAB) Special issue Livestock & Wildlife 1840-7099 BRAB online (on line) on the website http://www.slire.net (French version)

Issa M., Grema M and Kade M. 2016. Overview of the characterization, conservation and use of animal genetic resources in Niger. Introgression -Niger. CORAF/WECARD, 35 p (French version)

Kouamo J., Teitsa Zangue C., Fambo Nono S.M and Mfopit Y.M. 2017. Reproductive and milk production performance of White Fulani and Red Fulani cows on small traditional farms in the North Cameroon region: Rev. Mar. Sci. Agron. Vét. (2018) 6(3), 294-299. (French version)

Kubkomawa, H., Abubakar, S. and Adamu, M. 2017. Reproductive Performance of Zebu Cattle Following Artificial Insemination (AI) in Adamawa State, North-Eastern Nigeria. International Journal of Approximate Reasoning, 1, 2.

Marichatou H, Gouro AS and Kanwe A.B. 2005. Milk production of the Goudali breed and growth of pure and crossbred young in the peri-urban area of Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). Cah. Agric. 14(3): 291- 296. (French version)

Moussa G., Issa M., Hanzen MC. 2014. Characteristics and reproductive performance of Zebu. The case of Niger. African Journal of Animal Health and Production, 12(3-4), 135-141. (French version)

Niger. 2013. Sustainable Livestock Development Strategy (SDDE 2013-2035). Ministry of Livestock, 83p. (French version)

Niger. 2014. Livestock multiplication center framework document. 67 pages.

Nsangou A., Mbah D., Tawah C., Manchang T., Bah G., Manjeli Y., Njehoya C., Mfopit Y and Nguetoum C. 2021. Bovine genetic improvement by crossbreeding and selection in Tropical Africa: Experience from Cameroon journal of the cameroon academy of sciences vol. 17o. 1

Olorunnisomo, O. (2019). Feed and management interventions for increased milk production in zebu cattle at Ibadan, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Animal Production, 46, 319-324.

Seydou B., Madjina T., Blami K., Molélé F., Youssouf M.L., Hamidou B and Christian H. 2022. Weight and growth performance of F1 mixed-breed calves from the Brune des Alpes x Zebu Peul cross in the Sudanian zone of Burkina Faso Afrique SCIENCE 21(3), 89 – 99 (French version)

Touré A., Antoine-Moussiaux N., Kouriba A., Leroy P and Moula N. 2017. Zootechnical characterization and barymetric formula of the Azawak zebu breed in Ménaka, northern Mali Rev. Elev. Med. Vet. Pays Trop, 70 (4), 115-120.

Zakari I.Y. 2020. "Characterization of the zebu peul (Djelli) breed of Niger". Phd thesis in animal production: Abdou Moumouni University, Niamey. 129p. (French version)

Zakari I.Y., Dayo G., Maman M., Issa M and Marichatou H. 2019a. Morphobiometric characterization of the Djelli zebu from Niger. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences, 13(2), 727. (French version)

Zakari I.Y., Maman M., Issa M and Marichatou H. 2019b. Breeding practices of the Zebu Peul (Djelli) of Niger. 10(6), 6-12.

Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.33687/ijae.012.001.5062


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2024 Issoufou M Guero Chekaraou

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.