Estimation of wheat harvesting losses under different harvesting methods in Punjba province of Pakistan
The present study was carried out across four distinct agroecological zones within the Punjab province to assess the extent of wheat harvesting using various methods and to calculate the associated losses during harvesting and threshing. Data were collected by visiting wheat fields where three different harvesting methods were employed, and interviews were conducted with the farmers. The findings revealed that 63.2% of the wheat crop was harvested using combine harvesters, followed by reaper harvesting at 21.7%, and manual harvesting at 15%. The highest losses during both harvesting and threshing were observed with the combined harvesting method (8.75%), followed by reaper harvesting (7.18%), and manual harvesting (3.18%). The study's results underscore the importance of providing training to combine harvester owners and operators to mitigate these losses. Despite the significant losses associated with combined harvesting, it remains the most cost-effective method for wheat harvesting, covering 63.2% of the wheat-growing area in Punjab Province, primarily due to its speed and efficiency.
Moussa, A.I. 2008. Mechanical and Traditional Harvesting Methods for Wheat Crop. Misr Journal of Agricultural Engineering, 25(4): 1094-1111.
Ahmad, T.I., Khan, R.E., Soharwadi, M.A., Shafiq, M.N. and Gillani, S., 2021. Socioeconomics and agronomy of wheat yield in cotton-wheat cropping system in Punjab-Pakistan. International Journal of Agricultural Extension, 9(1): 69-78.
CIMMYT. 1989. Wheat Research and Development in Pakistan. Mexico, D.F.: CIMMYT, ISBN 968·6127·31·3
FAOSTAT, 2023. Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations. Statistics Division, Crop Data. Pakistan - Review of Wheat Sector and Grain Storage Issues. http://www.fao.org/faostat
Pakistan Bureau of Statistics, 2021. Agriculture Statistics of Pakistan 2021-22, Statistics Division, Pakistan Bureau of Statistics.
Government of Pakistan, 2021-22. Agriculture-Finance Division. Pakistan Economic Survey. Economic Advisory Wing, Islamabad.
Govt. of Punjab. 2021. Punjab Development Statistics-2021 Table1.31 Threshers and Harvesters by Division and District, The Punjab: 2019-20.
Tripathi, A., Mishra, B. P., Kumar, M. and Patre, N.K., Field Performance of Machine for Harvesting of Wheat and Linseed, Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Biosciences, 6(1): 1512-1519.
Esgici, R., Sessiz, A., and Bayhan, Y. 2016. The relationship between the age of combine harvester and grain losses for paddy. Mechanization in Agriculture and Conserving of the Resources, 62(1): 18-21.
Hassena, M., Ensermu, R., Mwangi, W., and Verkuijl, H. 2000. A Comparative Assessment of Combine Harvesting Vis-à-vis Conventional Harvesting and Threshing in Arsi Region, Ethiopia” CIMMYT Report-2000.
Tahir Latif. M, Sher. F, Hussain. M and Asghar.M-2018: Economics of different harvesting techniques of wheat in rice-wheat cropping pattern of Punjab, Pakistan. Azarian Journal of Agriculture, 5(3): 103-107.
Vishwakarma. R. K, S. N. Jha, Anil K. D., Anil, R. and Ahmad. T. 2020. Estimation of Harvest and Post-Harvest Losses of Cereals and Effect of Mechanisation in Different Agro-Climatic Zones of India”. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 75(3): 317-336.
Sattar. M, Mueen-u-Din, A. M., Ali, L., Waqar, M. Q., Ali, M.A. and Khalid, L. 2015 “Grain Losses of Wheat as Affected by Different Harvesting and Threshing Techniques. International Journal of Research in Agriculture and Forestry, 2: 20-26.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2023 Muhammad Tariq Ch.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.