Analysis of Constraints Faced by Gram Growers Regarding Improved Gram Production Practices in Southern Region of Punjab, Pakistan

Muhammad Luqman, Zia Ur Rehman, Mudassar Yaseen, Shoaib Nasir, Muhammad U. Mehmood, Muhammad Yaseen, Tariq Mehmood, Saira Azmat


This study explored different constraints being faced by the gram growers in Thal and Barani region of Punjab, Pakistan. For this purpose, two districts from each region were selected and 30-gram growers from each of the selected district were selected purposively, thereby making a sample size of 120 farmers. Data were collected using a structured and validated interview schedule and collected data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Constraints were grouped in to (i) technical (ii) physical and (iii) and financial constraints. Among technical constraints, fertilizer management, less awareness about recommended practices and weeds management were prominent constraints. Non-availability of labour, water shortage and costly labour were leading physical constraints. Lack of finance, credit and limited access to inputs due to inadequate finance were some prominent financial constraints. All the constraints had adverse impact on the production of gram in study area. This study concludes that gram production cannot be enhanced unless the constraints are not removed through synergistic working of agriculture and allied departments to facilitate the gram growers.


Constraints; Gram production; Technical constraints; Gram growers; Physical constraints


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DOI: 10.33687/ijae.010.01.3633


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