Social embeddedness and innovation behavior of innovation platform actors
Agricultural innovation platforms are increasingly being used as a means of mitigating agricultural value chain challenges through enabling the co-evolution of different elements in the innovation process. Given a number of actors and their different interests, governance dynamics and institutions are likely to play a fundamental role in the attainment of this objective. This study employed network governance theory to establish the influence of structures and relations in innovation platforms influence on actors’ innovation behavior. Using a sample of 319 randomly selected farmers and key informant interviews, it was established that the direct effect of embeddedness on innovation behavior was positive but insignificant (β=0.005, p= 0.953). The effect embeddedness on adaptation, coordination and safeguard of exchanges was positive and significant at (β=0.339, p<0.01), (β=0.239, p<0.01) and (β=0.262, p<0.01) respectively. The role of adaptation in influencing innovation behavior was positive and significant with (β=0.264, p<0.05). The study also finds that the indirect role of adaptation and safeguard of exchanges enhances the relationship between embeddedness and actor innovation behavior. The study recommends that to increase agricultural innovations, members of the networks should have adaptive measures through continuous search for new processes, new markets, reliable inputs and take advantage of new opportunities in their operating environment so as to be adaptive to this new work arrangement.
Adeleke, K. 2010. Green Building Codes-A Priority for Sustainable Development Architects Colloquium Organized by The Nigerian Institute of Architects in Abuja.
Anríquez, G. and K. Stamoulis. 2007. Rural development and poverty reduction: is agriculture still the key?. ESA Working Paper 07-02.
Baron, R. M. and D. A. Kenny. 1986. The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 51: 1173-82.
Boschma, R. A. and A. L. J. ter Wal. 2007. Knowledge Networks and Innovative Performance in an Industrial District: The Case of a Footwear District in the South of Italy. Industry & Innovation, 14: 177-99.
Burt, R. S. 1992. Structural holes Harvard university press.
Consoli, D. and P. P. Patrucco. 2011. Complexity and the Coordination of Technological Knowledge: The Case of Innovation Platforms Handbook on the Economic Complexity of Technological Change. Edward Elgar Publishing.
Cullen, B., J. Tucker, K. Snyder, Z. Lema and A. Duncan. 2014. An analysis of power dynamics within innovation platforms for natural resource management. Innovation and Development, 4: 259-75.
de Jong, J. and D. den Hartog. 2010. Measuring Innovative Work Behaviour. Creativity and Innovation Management, 19: 23-36.
Diao, X., P. Hazell and J. Thurlow. 2010. The Role of Agriculture in African Development. World Development, 38: 1375-83.
Dixon, J., K. Taniguchi and W. H. 2003. Approaches to assessing the impact of globalization on African smallholders: Household and village economy modelling. Proceedings of a working session on Globalization and the African Smallholder Study. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization.
Edmunds, D., and Wollenberg, E. 2002. Disadvantaged groups in multi stakeholder negotiations. CIFOR Programme Report.
FAO. 2013. Census of Agriculture: Analysis and international comparison of the results 1996–2005. Rome: FAO.
Faysse, N. 2006. Troubles on the way: An analysis of the challenges faced by multi-stakeholder platforms. Natural Resources Forum, 30: 219-29.
Field, A. P. 2009. Discovering statistics using SPSS for Windows: Advanced techniques for the beginner Sage.
Garver, M. S. and J. T. Mentzer. 1999. Logistics research methods: employing structural equation modeling to test for construct validity. Journal of business logistics, 20: 33.
Gaventa, J. and R. McGee. 2013. The Impact of Transparency and Accountability Initiatives. Development Policy Review, 31: s3-s28.
Gilsing, V. A. and B. Nooteboom. 2005. Density and Strength of Ties in Innovation Networks: An Analysis of Multi-Media and Biotechnology. SSRN Electronic Journal.
Giuliani, E. 2007. The selective nature of knowledge networks in clusters: evidence from the wine industry. Journal of Economic Geography, 7: 139-68.
Giuliani, E. and M. Bell. 2005. The micro-determinants of meso-level learning and innovation: evidence from a Chilean wine cluster. Research Policy, 34: 47-68.
Gollin, D., D. Lagakos and M. E. Waugh. 2013. The Agricultural Productivity Gap *. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 129: 939-93.
Granovetter, M. 1985. Economic Action and Social Structure: The Problem of Embeddedness. American Journal of Sociology, 91: 481-510.
Gulati, R. 1998. Alliances and networks. Strategic Management Journal, 19: 293-317.
Hair, J. F. 2010. Multivariate data analysis : a global perspective. Upper Saddle River, N.J. ; London : Pearson Education: London.
Hall, J. N., S. Moore, S. B. Harper and J. W. Lynch. 2009. Global Variability in Fruit and Vegetable Consumption. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36: 402-09.e5.
Hassall, G. 2010. Governance, Legitimacy and the Rule of Law in the South Pacific Passage of Change: Law, Society and Governance in the Pacific. ANU Press.
Hayes, A. F. 2009. Beyond Baron and Kenny: Statistical Mediation Analysis in the New Millennium. Communication Monographs, 76: 408-20.
Hermans, F., M. Sartas, B. van Schagen, P. van Asten and M. Schut. 2017. Social network analysis of multi-stakeholder platforms in agricultural research for development: Opportunities and constraints for innovation and scaling. PloS one, 12: e0169634-e34.
Hinkin, T. R. 1995. A Review of Scale Development Practices in the Study of Organizations. Journal of Management, 21: 967-88.
Hinnou, L. C., R. L. Mongbo, J. Kamanda and S. Sanyang. 2018. Innovation platform and governance of local rice value chains in Benin: Between game of power and internal democracy? Cogent Food & Agriculture, 4: 1433346.
Hoe, S. L. 2008. Issues and procedures in adopting structural equation modelling technique. Journal of Quantitative Methods, 3: 76.
Homann-Kee Tui, S., A. Adekunle, M. Lundy, J. Tucker, E. A. Birachi, M. Schut, L. Klerkx, P. G. Ballantyne, A. J. Duncan and J. J. Cadilhon. 2013. What are innovation platforms?
Hounkonnou, D., J. Brouwers, A. van Huis, J. Jiggins, D. Kossou, N. Röling, O. Sakyi-Dawson and M. Traoré. 2018. Triggering regime change: A comparative analysis of the performance of innovation platforms that attempted to change the institutional context for nine agricultural domains in West Africa. Agricultural Systems, 165: 296-309.
Jones, C., W. S. Hesterly and S. P. Borgatti. 1997. A General Theory of Network Governance: Exchange Conditions and Social Mechanisms. Academy of Management Review, 22: 911-45.
Joreskog, K. G. and D. Sorbom. 1993. LISREL6 – Computer program, Moorseville, IN, Scientific Software.
Jose, P. E. 2013. MedGraph-I: A programme to graphically depict mediation among three variables: The internet version, version 3.0. Victoria University of Wellington, Wellington, New Zealand. Retrieved [date] from http://pavlovpsycvuwacnz/paul-jose/medgraph.
Kilelu, C., L. Klerkx, A. Omore, I. Baltenweck, C. Leeuwis and J. Githinji. 2017. Value Chain Upgrading and the Inclusion of Smallholders in Markets: Reflections on Contributions of Multi-Stakeholder Processes in Dairy Development in Tanzania. The European Journal of Development Research, 29: 1102-21.
Kilelu, C. W., L. Klerkx and C. Leeuwis. 2013. Unravelling the role of innovation platforms in supporting co-evolution of innovation: Contributions and tensions in a smallholder dairy development programme. Agricultural Systems, 118: 65-77.
Kleysen, R. F. and C. T. Street. 2001. Toward a multi‐dimensional measure of individual innovative behavior. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 2: 284-96.
Krejcie, R. V. and D. W. Morgan. 1970. Determining Sample Size for Research Activities. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 30: 607-10.
Li, T.-L., Y.-H. Xie, J.-P. Hong, Q. Feng, C.-H. Sun and Z.-W. Wang. 2013. Effects of phosphorus application rates on winter wheat yield and phosphorus use efficiency in drylands of South Shanxi Province. Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 21: 658-65.
Loubser, M. 2008. Governance Structures in Distributed Problem Solving Networks. Oxford Internet Institute DPSN Working Paper Series No. 16.
MacKinnon, D. P., A. J. Fairchild and M. S. Fritz. 2007. Mediation analysis. Annual review of psychology, 58: 593-614.
MacLean, S. and K. Gray. 1998. Structural equation modelling in market research. Journal of the Australian market research society, 6: 17-32.
Magingxa, L. L., Z. G. Alemu and H. D. van Schalkwyk. 2009. Factors influencing access to produce markets for smallholder irrigators in South Africa. Development Southern Africa, 26: 47-58.
Messmann, G. and R. H. Mulder. 2010. Innovative Work Behaviour in Vocational Colleges: Understanding How and Why Innovations Are Developed. Vocations and Learning, 4: 63-84.
Nahapiet, J. and S. Ghoshal. 1998. Social Capital, Intellectual Capital, and the Organizational Advantage. Academy of Management Review, 23: 242-66.
Nederlof, E. S., M. Wongtschowski and F. van der Lee. 2011. Putting heads together: Agricultural innovation platforms in practice KIT publishers Amsterdam.
Nederlof, S. and R. Pyburn. 2012. One finger cannot lift a rock: facilitating innovation platforms to trigger institutional change in West Africa. KIT Publishers,
Nelson, R. R. 2009. An evolutionary theory of economic change harvard university press.
Pfeffer, J. 1988. A resource dependence perspective on intercorporate relations Intercorporate Relations. Cambridge University Press. pp. 25-55.
Salami, A., A. B. Kamara and Z. Brixiova. 2010. Smallholder agriculture in East Africa: Trends, constraints and opportunities African Development Bank Tunis.
Sartas, M. 2018. Do multi-stakeholder platforms work? : contributions of multi-stakeholder platforms to the performance of research for development interventions, Wageningen University and Research.
Schermelleh-Engel, K., H. Moosbrugger and H. Müller. 2003. Evaluating the fit of structural equation models: Tests of significance and descriptive goodness-of-fit measures. Methods of psychological research online, 8: 23-74.
Schumacker, R. E. and R. G. Lomax. 2004. A Beginner's Guide to Structural Equation Modeling. Psychology Press.
Schut, M., J. Kamanda, A. Gramzow, T. Dubois, D. Stoian, J. A. Andersson, I. Dror, M. Sartas, R. Mur, S. Kassam, H. Brouwer, A. Devaux, C. Velasco, R. J. Flor, M. Gummert, D. Buizer, C. McDougall, K. Davis, S. H.-K. Tui and M. Lundy. 2018. Innovation platforms in agricultural research for development. Experimental Agriculture, 55: 575-96.
Schut, M., J. Rodenburg, L. Klerkx, A. van Ast and L. Bastiaans. 2014. Systems approaches to innovation in crop protection. A systematic literature review. Crop Protection, 56: 98-108.
Scott, J. and P. Carrington. 2014. The SAGE Handbook of Social Network Analysis. SAGE Publications Ltd.
Scott, S. G. and R. A. Bruce. 1994. Determinants of innovative behavior: a path model of individual innovation in the workplace. Academy of Management Journal, 37: 580-607.
Simsek, Z., M. H. Lubatkin and S. W. Floyd. 2003. Inter-Firm Networks and Entrepreneurial Behavior: A Structural Embeddedness Perspective. Journal of Management, 29: 427-42.
Sobel, M. E. 1982. Asymptotic Confidence Intervals for Indirect Effects in Structural Equation Models. Sociological Methodology, 13: 290.
Sobel, M. E. 1986. Some New Results on Indirect Effects and Their Standard Errors in Covariance Structure Models. Sociological Methodology, 16: 159.
Steiger, J. H. 1990. Structural Model Evaluation and Modification: An Interval Estimation Approach. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 25: 173-80.
Subramaniam, M. and M. A. Youndt. 2005. The Influence of Intellectual Capital on the Types of Innovative Capabilities. Academy of Management Journal, 48: 450-63.
Swaans, K., R. Puskur, H. Taye and A. Girma. 2013. A monitoring and evaluation framework to assess the performance of innovation platforms in the context of livestock value chains ILRI (aka ILCA and ILRAD).
Tenywa, M., K. Tukarhirwa, R. Bruchara, A. Adekunle, J. Mugabe, C. Wanjiku, S. Mutabazi, B. Fungo, N. Kashja and P. Pali. 2011. Agricultural innovation platform as a tool for development oriented research: Lessons and challenges in the formation and operationalization.
Thamaga-Chitja, J. M. and P. Morojele. 2014. The Context of Smallholder Farming in South Africa: Towards a Livelihood Asset Building Framework. Journal of Human Ecology, 45: 147-55.
Turyahikayo, W., F. B. Matsiko, J. J. Okiror and M. Buregyeya. 2017. Understanding actor innovation behavior: The application of network governance theory in agricultural innovation platforms. Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 9: 247-54.
Uzzi, B. 1996. The Sources and Consequences of Embeddedness for the Economic Performance of Organizations: The Network Effect. American Sociological Review, 61: 674.
Uzzi, B. 1997. Social Structure and Competition in Interfirm Networks: The Paradox of Embeddedness. Administrative Science Quarterly, 42: 35.
Vagias, W. M. 2006. Likert-type scale response anchors. clemson international institute for tourism. & Research Development, Department of Parks, Recreation and Tourism Management, Clemson University: 4-5.
Verschuren, P., H. Doorewaard and M. Mellion. 2010. Designing a research project Eleven International Publishing The Hague.
West, M. 1990. Innovation at work. In mA West & JL Farr. Innovation and creativity at work: 3-13.
Woodman, R. W., J. E. Sawyer and R. W. Griffin. 1993. Toward a Theory of Organizational Creativity. Academy of Management Review, 18: 293-321.
World Bank. 2008. World Development Reports’. Available online: http://econ.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/EXTDEC/EXTRESEARCH/EXTDRS/0,contentMDK:20227703~pagePK:478093.
Zhao, X., J. G. Lynch and Q. Chen. 2010. Reconsidering Baron and Kenny: Myths and Truths about Mediation Analysis. Journal of Consumer Research, 37: 197-206.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2021 Willy Turyahikayo
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.