Determinants of tobacco cultivation in Kushtia district, Bangladesh
The study was undertaken to assess the extent of the area used for tobacco cultivation and to determine some selected characteristics of tobacco farmers that significantly influence farmers’ cultivation of tobacco. The selected characteristics were- age, education, farm size, annual income, tobacco cultivation experience, family labor, time spent in tobacco cultivation, profitability, agent contact, input availability, level of pest infestation and market security perception. The study was conducted at three villages of Mirpur upazilla under Kushtia district with the help of an interview schedule from September 12 to October 3, 2018. Twenty-five percent (25%) of the farmers were randomly selected from a population of 424 tobacco farmers. Out of the total population, 106 tobacco farmers were selected as the sample of the study. Multiple linear regressions were used in order to identify the important factors for tobacco cultivation. The findings also revealed that age, education, annual income, family labor and agent contact have a significant positive contribution to tobacco cultivation. Therefore, to reduce tobacco cultivation area coverage by the farmers, the policy should be made by giving emphasize on the significant factors.
Abay, C., Miran, B. & Günden, C. (2004). An Analysis of Input Use Efficiency in Tobacco Production with Respect to Sustainability. The Case Study of Turkey. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 24 (3), 123-143. https://doi.org/10.1300/J064v24n03_09
Akhter, F. (2011). Tobacco Cultivation and its impact of food Production in Bangladesh, UBINIG. Retrieved from http://www.fairtradetobacco.org/wp-content/uploads/2011/07/Farida-Akhter_Tobacco-to-Food-Production.pdf.
Ali, M.Y., Islam, M.F., Rahman, M.R., Sheema, M.K. & Akhtar, M.R. (2015). Tobacco Farming in Bangladesh and Its Impact on Environment. IOSR Journal of Environmental Science, Toxicology and Food Technology, 9(12), 27-33.
Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). (2016). Agricultural Year Book of Bangladesh. Government of Bangladesh, Dhaka.
Barkat A., Chowdhury, A.U., Nargis, N., Rahman, M., Kumar, P.K.A., Bashir, S. & Chaloupka. F. J. (2012). The Economics of Tobacco and Tobacco Taxation in Bangladesh, p6.
Bhavya, H.K. (2014). Socio-economic and environmental impact assessment of FCV tobacco cultivation in Karnataka. MS thesis, Department of Agricultural Economics, University of Agricultural sciences, Bangalore.
Beach, R.H., Jones, A.S. & Tooze, J.A. (2008). Tobacco farmer interest and success in income diversification. Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 40(1), 53-71.
Chikkala, K.K. (2015). Socio-economic Impact of Tobacco Cultivation on Dalit Agricultural Laborers: A Case Study from Andhra Pradesh, India. Journal of Developing Societies, 31(1), 77-97.
Chitongo, L. (2017). The Efficacy of Smallholder Tobacco Farmers on Rural Development in Zimbabwe. PhD thesis, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of the Free State, Qwaqwa.
Dimara, E. & Skuras, D. (1998). Adoption of new tobacco varieties in Greece: Impacts of empirical findings on policy design. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 19, 297-307
FAO. (2010). Projections of tobacco production, consumption and trade2010, https://ftp.fao.org/docrep/fao/006/y4956e/y4956e00.pdf, (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), Rome, Italy), 2003, Retrieved on 10 January 2010.
Halili, R. (1999). Methods for Evaluating Agricultural Enterprises in the Framework of Uncertainty Facing Tobacco Producing Regions of Virginia. (Doctoral Dissertation).
Hossain, M.M. & Rahman, M.M. (2013). A Socioeconomic Analysis on Tobacco Cultivation in Kushtia District of Bangladesh. Social Sciences, 2(3), 128-134.
Hassan, M.M., Parvin, M.M. & Resmi, S.I. (2015). Farmer's Profitability of Tobacco Cultivation at Rangpur District in the Socio-Economic Context of Bangladesh: An Empirical Analysis. International Journal of Economics, Finance and Management Sciences, 3(2), 91-98.
Karagiannis, G. & Sarris, A. (2005). Measuring and explaining scale efﬁciency with the parametric approach: the case of Greek tobacco growers. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 33, 441-451.
Kibwage, J.K., Odondo, A.J. & Momanyi, G.M. (2009). Assessment of livelihood assets and strategies among tobacco and non-tobacco growing households in south Nyanza region, Kenya. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 4(4), 294-304.
Mazikana, O.M. (2018). The Socioeconomic Importance of Tobacco Production in Zimbabwe. MS thesis, Faculty of Regional Development and International Studies, Mendel University, Brno.
Motaleb, M.A. & Irfanullah H.M. (2011). Tobacco cultivation in Bangladesh: is it a threat to traditional agro-practice. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 10(3), 481-485.
Naher, F., & Efroymson, D. (2007). Tobacco cultivation and poverty in Bangladesh: issues and potential future directions. Dhaka: World Health Organization.
Naher, F. & Chowdhury, A.M.R. (2002). To Produce or not to Produce: Tackling the Tobacco Dilemma. Research Monograph Series No. 23. BRAC Research and Evaluation Division Dhaka, Bangladesh.
Obwona, M. (2006). Determinants of technical efficiency differentials amongst small- and medium-scale farmers in Uganda: A case of tobacco growers. Economic Policy Research Centre (EPRC) Makerere University, Uganda. African Economic Research Consortium. AERC Research Paper 152.
Policy Research Institute of Bangladesh. (2012). Tobacco Cultivation: An Assessment of Socio-Economic and Environmental Impacts. Report by Policy Research Institute of Bangladesh (PRI) and Nielsen Bangladesh, commissioned by British American Tobacco Bangladesh.
Rahman, H. & Parvin, J. (2017). Ethics and Economics of Tobacco Farming: A Case Study of Rural Bangladesh. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 22(2), 56-65.
Sarkar, & Haque. (2001). Tobacco Agricultural Research in Bangladesh in the 20th Century, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka.
Snell, W., Powers, L. & Halich, G. (2009). Tobacco Economics in the Post-buyout Era. In 2009-2010 Kentucky and Tennessee Tobacco Production Guide. UT Extension Publication Number PB1782 (pp. 3-6). The University of Tennessee, Institute of Agriculture.
Strader, W. & Alston, A.J. (2009). North Central Piedmont North Carolina Tobacco Producers' Views towards the Federal Tobacco Quota Buyout. Journal of Extension, 47(4).
Yearbook of Agricultural Statistics. (2016). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics, Available from www.bbs.gov.bd.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2020 Md. Zulfiquer Rahman, Muhammad H. Kabir, Md. Mahbubul Alam, Saiful Islam
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.