Women farmers’ adoption challenges on artificial inseminations service in outskirt of Addis Ababa
The study was conducted in purposively selected Oromia National Regional State aiming at to suggest strategies to better involve women farmers in Artificial Insemination service. Experts from office of livestock and fishery represented the study population. Group discussion were undertaken separately for Women and men farmers. Collected information was analyzed qualitatively and interpreted accordingly. The study found that institutional and cultural barriers hindered many number of women AI (Artificial Insemination) technicians less involved in AI service delivery. Specifically, institutions don’t encourage women applicant to apply on AI, they thought the position is full of hardship and risky for women to give a service basing in rural areas. In addition to that, the service needs some physical fitness and it would be more difficult for women to move long distance caring containers. Moreover, there is animal disease (brucella) that can be easily transmit to human and can cause gynaecological problem for women. Culturally, even if it is not boldly pronounced by the community, there is a feeling of indignity when women provide AI services. On the other hand, the community also ashamed women farmers, if they ask AI service provision. Moreover, culturally women farmers are not allowed to watch inseminations service. So, in order to increase number of women AI technicians: nominating women technicians from local communities (at least grade 8 completed) and animal science graduate, and train more in practical way would made women AI technicians to be more capable. Support women AI technicians to work privately through post payment service for a while, would raise women acceptance by community. In order to increase number of women farmers attendees on training: conduct on farm training, invite women farmers directly for training, organize training between march to May seasons, prepare pictured based training (including production manuals) would change the number of women dairy producer on AI service provision.
Anderson JR, Feder G. (2003). Rural Extension Services’, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 2976, World Bank, Washington D.C. http://econ.worldbank.org/files/24374_wps2976.pdf.
Birkhaeuser D, Evenson RE, Feder G (1991). The Economic Impact of Agricultural Extension: A Review’, Econ. Dev. Cultural Change, 39,607-650.
CSA Report of federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (2011). Static report on socio-economic characteristics of the population in agricultural households, Land use, Area and production of crop. Addis Ababa: CSA, 141-169.
Odame HH, Hafkin N, Wesseler G, Boto I (2002). Gender and Agriculture in the Information Society. International Service for National Agricultural Research Briefing Paper No.55. The Hague, The Netherlands: ISNAR.
Ozowa, V.N. (1995). Information Needs of Small Scale Farmers in Africa: The Nigerian Example. Quarterly Bulletin of the International Association of Agricultural Information Specialists, IAALD/CABI 40 (1).add page numbers here
Rajak TA (1990). Improving the relevance and effectiveness of agricultural extension activities. Available at: www.fao.org/docrep/v4805e/v4805e07.htm.
Telecommons Development Group (2000). Rural access to information and communication technologies (ICTs): The challenge for Africa (Draft). African Connection Secretariat.
Webb D.W. (2003). Artificial Insemination in Cattle. University of Florida, Gainesville. IFAS Extension, DS 58. Pp. 1-4.
Yemane B., Chernet T., Shiferaw T. (1993). Improved Cattle Breeding. National Artificial Insemination Centre. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp. 15.
Zewde E. (2007). Artificial insemination and its implementation. Ethiopian Society of Animal Production (ESAP). Addis Ababa, Ethiopia., 7-14, 29, 45.
Welch CJ, Alemu B, Msaki T, Sengendo M, Kigutha H, Wolff A. (2000). Improving Household Food Security: Institutions, Gender, and Integrated Approaches. U.S.A: BASIS Management Entity.
World Bank (2001). Engendering Development through gender equality in Rights, Resources and Voice. World Bank Policy Research Report 21776. Washington, D.C. and London: World Bank and Oxford University Press.
Zewdie E., Deneke N., FikreMariam D., Chaka E., HaileMariam D., Mussa A.(2005). Guidelines and procedures on bovine semen production. NAIC, Addis Ababa.
Zewdie E., Mussa A., Melese G.M., HaileMariam D., Perera B.M.A.O. (2006). Improving artificial insemination services for dairy cattle in Ethiopia. In: Improving the reproductive management of smallholder dairy cattle and the effectiveness of artificial insemination services in Africa using an integrated approach. International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). Pp. 17-19.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2018 Beliyu Limenih
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.