Mycofloral study of cultivated maize seed in district Poonch Azad Jammu and Kashmir

Mehr -un-Nisa, Mussadiq Hussain, Basharat Mehmood, Muhammad Tariq-Khan, Hafiz Matee Rehman


The current study was carried out on the prevalence of mycoflora associated with maize seeds using blotter paper method. Maize seed samples were collected from six different locations of district Poonch, Azad Jammu and Kashmir. Objective of this study was to determine the fungi associated with maize seeds. A total of seven species of fungi were isolated. Penicillium spp., Fusarium spp., Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, Fusarium spp., Fusarium oxysporum and Pythium spp., were identified. Davigali had the infection percentage of 72 % in all locations. Occurrence frequency and type of fungi isolated varied with location. Prevalence of pathogenic fungi with maize seeds of district Poonch was found variable. Resistant varieties of maize, maintaining temperature, relative humidity and their treatment is suggested to reduce disease and increase yield.


Maize; mycoflora; blotter test; pathogenic fungi

Full Text:



Abd El-Baky, A., Hussain, H., 2009. Enhancing antioxidant availability in grains of wheat plants grown under seawater stress in response to microalgae extracts treatments. African Journal of Biochemistry Research 3, 77-83.

Ahmad, I., Jan, M.T., Arif, M., 2010. Tillage and nitrogen management impact on maize. Sarhad Journal Agriculture 26, 157-167.

Barnett, H.L., Hunter, B.B., 1986. Illustrated genera of imperfect fungi. Minneapolis, Burgess Publishing Company.

Hussain, M.A., Mukhtar, T., Haque, M.I., Kayani, M., 2007. Mycoflora associated with lentil (Lens esculenta Moench) seeds from five localities of the Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 903-906.

Ismail, M.A., 2001. Deterioration and spoilage of peanuts and desiccated coconuts from two sub-sahara tropical East Africa countries due to the associated mycobiota and their degradative enzymes. Mycopathologia 150, 67-84.

Klyszejko, A., Kubus, Z., Zakowska, Z., 2005. Mycological analysis of cereal samples and screening of Fusarium strains ability to form deoxynivalenole (DON) and zearalenone (ZEA) mycotoxins. Polish Journal of Microbiology 54, 21-25.

Majumder, D., Rajesh, T., Suting, E.G., Debbarma, A., 2013. Detection of seed borne pathogens in wheat: recent trends. Australian Journal of Crop Science 7, 500–507.

Niaz, I., Dawar, S., 2009. Detection of seed-borne mycoflora in maize (Zea mays L.). Pakistan Journal of Botany 41, 443-451.

Satish, S., Raghavendra, M.A., Raveesha, K.A., 2010. Management of seed borne fungal pathogens of sorghum seeds by aqueous extract of Lawsonia inermis. Journal of Biopesticides 3, 237–241.

Sitara, U., Akhtar, S., 2007. Efficacy of fungicides, sodium hypochloride and neem seed powered to control seed borne pathogens of maize. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 285-294.



  • There are currently no refbacks.