Role of Certain Potato Tubers Constituents in Their Susceptibility to Bacterial Common Scab Caused by Streptomyces scabies
Streptomyces common scab is one of the most bacterial diseases that costs economic loses to potato plants. Streptomyces scabiei (Thaxter 1891) Lambert and Loria (syn. Streptomyces scabies) is the main causal agent of common scab in potato in the field. Eight potato cultivars namely, Diamont, Lady Rossete, Burna, Lady Bellford, Skenta, Flora, Brofent and Everest were tested for their susceptibility to common scab disease under greenhouse conditions. They varied to some extent in the degree of their susceptibility. Lady Rosette appeared to be the highest susceptible one followed by Burna, Everest, and Skenta. Lady Bellford, Diamont respectively, and Brofent showed intermediate disease severity. Flora cultivar exhibited the least degree of scab symptoms. The role of certain potato tubers constituents in the physiology of disease susceptibility was investigated (sugar contents, pectin substances and calcium contents), Lady Bellford cultivar contained the highest concentration of total sugar followed by Flora, Burna, and Everest but Skenta, Lady Rosette respectively and Diamont were approximately had equal in total sugar contents, while, Brofent cultivar contained the lowest content of total sugar. Skenta cultivar contained the highest concentration of pectin substances and calcium contents followed by Flora and Lady Bellford finally Burna cultivars respectively.
Adams, M. J. and D. H. Lapwood. 1978. Studies on the lenticel development, surface microflora and infections by common scab (Streptomyces scabies) of potato tubers growing in wet and dry soils. Ann. Appl. Biol., 90: 335–343.
Agbessi, S., J. Beause´jour, C. De´ry and C. Beaulieu. 2003. Antagonistic properties of two recombinant strains of Streptomyces melanosporofaciens obtained by intraspecific protoplast fusion. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol, 62: 233–238.
Arseneault, T., G. Claudia. 2015. Pseudomonas fluorescens LBUM223 Increases Potato Yield and Reduces Common Scab Symptoms in the Field. Phytopathology,105(10):1311-1317.
Badour, S. S. A. 1959. Amalytisch-Chemische Untersuchung des kalimangels bie Chlorella in Verglgleich mit anderen Mangel Zumstanden Ph. D Dissertation Goettingen.
Bastin, S. 1997. Kentucky Potatoes. Report by the University of Kentucky Cooperative Extension Service, p:1-2.
Bouchek-Mechiche, K., C. Pasco, D. Andrivon, and B. Jouan. 2000. Differences in host range, pathogenicity to potato cultivars and response to soil temperature among Streptomyces species causing common and netted scab in France. Plant Pathology, 49: 3–10.
Caprara, C. 2012. Potential health promoting properties of potato-derived proteins, peptides and phenolic compounds. In:potatoes production, consumption and health benefits. Nova science Pulishers. Pp173-193.
Davis, J. R., G. M. Mcmaster, R. H. Callihan, F. H. Nissley, and J. J. Pavek. 1976. Influence of soil moisture and fungicide treatments on common scab and mineral content of potatoes. Phytopathology, 66: 228–233.
Food and Agricultural Organization of United Nations, 2010. Agricultural data FAO, 2010. www.fao.org
Fyans, J. K., L. Bown and D. R. Bignell. 2015. Isolation and characterization of plant pathogenic Streptomyces species associated with common scab–infected potato tubers in Newfoundland. Phytopathology, (ja).
Galbraith, D. W. and B. A. Shields. Analysis of the initial stages of plant protoplast development using 33258 Hoechst: reactivation of cell cycle. Physiol. Plant, 51: 380-386.
Gomez, K. A. and A. A. Gomez. 1984. Statistical Procedures for Agricultural Research, 2nd ed. John Willey. New York, 680p.
Goto, K. 1981. The relationship between common scab severity and reducing sugar contents in the peel of potato tubers. Potato Research, 24:171-176.
Goto, K. 1985. Relationships between soil pH, available calcium and prevalence of potato scab. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 31: 411-418.
Hiltunen, L. H., A. Weckman, A. Ylhäinen, H. Rita, E. Richter and J.P.T. Valkonen. 2005. Responses of potato cultivars to the common scab pathogens, Streptomyces scabies and S. turgidiscabies. Ann. Appl. Biol., 146: 395-403.
Hooker, W. J. 1981. Compendium of potato diseases. American Phytopathological Society. St. Paul. Minnesota, P: 33-35.
Horsfall, J. G., J. P. Hollis and H. G. M. Jacobson. 1954. Calcium and potato scab. Phytopathology, 44: 19-24.
Jackson, M. L. 1973. Soil chemical analysis. Prentic-Hall Inc. U.S.A.
Kristofek, V., J. Divis, I. Dostalkov and J. Kalcik. 2000. Accumulation of mineral elements in tuber periderm of potato cultivars differing in susceptibility to common scab. Potato Research, 43: 107-114.
Lambert, D. H. F. E. and F. E. Manzer. 1991. Relationship of calcium to potato scab. Phytopathology, 81: 632-636.
Li, H. L. E., C. Parent, Tremblay and Karam, A. 1999. Potato response to crop sequence and nitrogen fertilization sod breakup in a Gleyed Humo-Ferric Podzol. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 79: 439–446.
Liu, D., N. A. Anderson and L. L. Kinkel. 1995. Biological control of potato scab in the field with antagonistic Streptomyces scabies. Phytopathology, 85: 827–831.
Pavlista, A. D. 1992. Common scab: control of common scab with sulfur and ammonium sulfate. Spudman 11: 13–15.
Rich, A. E. 1983. Potato diseases. New York: Academic Press.
Ryan, A. D. and L. L. Kinkel. 1997. Inoculum density and population dynamics of suppressive and pathogenic Streptomyces strains and their relationship to bacterial control of potato scab. Biol. Control, 10: 180–186.
Sedláková, V., J. Dejmalová, P. Dolezal, E. Hausvater, P. Sedlák and P. Bastová. 2013. Characterization of forty-four potato varieties for resistance to common scab, black scurf and silver scurf. Crop Protection, 48: 82-87.
Thomas, W. and R. A. Dutcher. 1924. The determination of carbohydrate in plants by picric acid reduction method. The estimation of reducing sugar and sucrose. Journal of American Chemistry Science, 46 (6): 162-166.
Wanner, L. A. 2009. A patchwork of Streptomyces species isolated from potato common scab lesions in North America. American Journal of Potato Research, 86: 247-264.
Waterer, D. 2002. Impact of high soil pH on potato fields and grade losses to common scab. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 82 (3): 583-586.
- There are currently no refbacks.
Copyright (c) 2016 Kamal A. M. Abo-Elyousr, Mohamed Hosny, Mahmoud R. Asran, Farag A. Saeed
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.