Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

A view on urdbean leaf crinkle virus and its management

Yasir Iftikhar, Mustansar Mubeen, Ashara Sajid, Hafiz Muhammad Asim Saeed, Aqleem Abbas, Hafiz Muhammad Usman, Faheema Bakhtawar, Muhammad Aamir Sohail, Judith Jeruto Kiptoo, Muhammad Farhan

Abstract


Urdbean (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) is comparatively more vulnerable to leaf crinkle disease than other pulses. Urdbean leaf crinkle disease (ULCD) is a widespread and devastating disease of economic significance resulting in extreme crinkling, puckering, curling and roughness of leaves, malformation of floral organs and stunting of plants. The ULCD causes substantial yield losses annually in major urban-producing countries around the world. Aphids, insects, and whiteflies have been identified as disease vectors. The virus is also transmitted via inoculation, grafting, and seed sap. The seed yield loss in ULCD-affected Urdbean crops ranges from 35%-81%, which depends on the genotype, location type and time of infection. The diseased material and favorable climatic conditions lead to a widespread viral illness. In germplasm screening, genetic variations have been reported indicating continuous screening of available varieties and new germplasm to identify new traits (different genes) and new sources of disease resistance. Reports on breeding programs for the production and release of ULCD tolerant varieties are very limited. There are various RNA viruses, which evolved strategies to counter the silencing process by encoding suppressor proteins. However, in the case of ULCV, there is no report available indicating which protection pathway operates in the plants for its resistance and whether this virus causing leaf crinkle disease in Urdbean also follows the same silencing suppression strategy.  This review provides an overview of different aspects of Urdbean leaf crinkle virus.


Keywords


Urdbean; ULCV; Symptom; Transmission and Disease Cycle

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ahmad, Z., Bashir, M., Mitsueda, T., 1997. Evaluation of legume germplasm for seed-borne viruses. Harmonizing Agricultural Productivity and Conservation of Biodiversity: Breeding and Ecology, 117-120.

Ali, S., Khan, M., Sahi, S., Hassan, M., 2010. Evaluation of plant extracts and salicylic acid against Bemisia tabaci and cotton leaf curl virus disease. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology 22, 98-100.

Ashfaq, M., Khan, M.A., Mughal, S.M., Javed, N., Mukhtar, T., Bashir, M., 2007. Evaluation of urdbean germplasm for resistance against urdbean leaf crinkle virus. Pakistan Journal of Botany 39, 2103-2111.

Bashir, M., Ahmad, Z., Ghafoor, A., 2005. Sources of genetic resistance in mungbean and blackgram against Urdbean leaf crinkle virus (ULCV). Pakistan journal of Botany 37, 47-51.

Bashir, M., Ahmad, Z., Mansoor, S., 2006. Occurrence and distribution of viral diseases of mungbean and mashbean in Punjab, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 38, 1341-1351.

Bashir, M., Ghafoor, A., Zubair, M., Malik, B.A., 1996. Screening of mash germplasm and advanced breeding lines for virus diseases under field conditions, Crop Protection Conference NWFP Agriculture University, Peshawar.

Bashir, M., Malik, B.A., 1988. Diseases of major pulse crops in Pakistan-a review. International Journal of Pest Management 34, 309-314.

Bashir, M., Mughal, S.M., Malik, B.A., 1991. Assessment of yield losses due to leaf crinkle virus in urdbean (Vigna mungo (L) Hepper). Pakistan Journal of Botany 23, 140-142.

Bashir, M., Zubair, M., 1985. Survey report of kharif pulses in Islamabad, Rawalpindi and Sialkot districts during 1985. Pulses Programme, NARC, Pakistan Agricultural Research Council.

Beniwal, S.P.S., Bharathan, N., 1980. Beetle transmission of urdbean leaf crinkle virus. Indian Phytopathology 33, 600-601.

Beniwal, S.P.S., Kolte, J., Nene, Y.L., 1983. Nature and rate of spread of urdbean leaf crinkle disease under field condition. Indian Journal of Mycology and Plant Pathology 98, 88-92.

Bhaktavatsalam, G., Nene, Y.L., Beniwal, S.P.S., 1983. Influence of certain physico-chemical factors on the infectivity and stability of urdbean leaf crinkle virus. Indian Phytopathology 36, 489-493.

Bhaktavatsalam, G., Nene, Y.L., Beniwal, S.P.S., 1986. Ultrastructural changes in urdbean leaves infected by urdbean leaf crinkle virus. Indian Phytopathology 36, 228-232.

Bhardwaj, S.V., Dubey, G.S., 1986. Studies on the relationship of urdbean leaf crinkle virus and its vectors, Aphis craccivora and Acyrthosiphon pisum. Journal of Phytopathology 115, 83-88.

Binyamin, R., Khan, M.A., Ahmad, N., Safdar, A., 2011. Relationship of epidemiological factors with urdbean leaf crinkle virus disease and its management using plant extracts. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 13, 411-414.

Brar, J.S., Rataul, H.S., 1986. Some field characteristics of leaf crinkle virus of urd bean, Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper. Indian Journal of Virology 2, 49-56.

Chohan, J.S., Kalia, N.R., 1967. Virus diseases of Phaseolus mungo L., and their control through resistant varieties in Punjab, Proceedings of theFrst Annual Workshop Conference on Pulse Crops. Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

Chowdhary, A.K., Saha, N.K., 1985. Inhibition of urd bean leaf crinkle virus by different plant extracts. Indian Phytopathology 38, 566-568.

Ganapathy, T., Karuppiah, R., 2004. Evaluation of new insecticides for the management of whitefly (Bemisia tabaci Genn.), mungbean yellow mosaic virus (MYMV) and urdbean leaf crinkle virus (ULCV) diseases in mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilezek). Indian Journal of Plant Protection 32, 35-38.

Haq, A., 1991. Screening of urdbean germplasm against leaf crinkle and yellow mosaic viruses and quantitative determination of growth responses of urdbean cultivars against virus infection, Department of Plant Pathology. University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, p. 131.

Iqbal, S.M., Ghafoor, A., Zubair, M., Malik, B.A., 1991. Reaction of urdbean cultivars against leaf crinkle virus disease. Journal of Agricultural Research 29, 411-415.

Islam, M.R., Ali, M.A., Islam, M.S.l., Golam, A.F.M., Hossain, G.F., 2002. Effect of nutrients and weeding on the incidence of mungbean mosaic. Pakistan Journal of Plant Pathology 1, 48-50.

Kadian, O.P., 1982. Yield loss in mung bean and urd bean due to leaf crinkle disease. Indian Phytopathology 35, 642-644.

Kadian, O.P., 1983. Occurrence and incidence of leaf crinkle disease on urdbean and mungbean in Haryana. Haryana Agricultural University Journal of Research 13, 121-126.

Kolte, S.J., Nene, Y.L., 1979. Urdbean (Vigna mungo) leaf crinkle virus: noteworthy symptoms on host and influence of growth stages on host susceptibility. Tropical Grain Legume Bulletin 5, 5-8.

Mubeen, M., Iftikhar, Y., Ullah, M.I., Shakeel, Q., Aatif, M., Bilqees, I., 2017. Incidence of Okra Yellow Vein Mosaic disease in relation to insect vector and environmental factors. Environment & Ecology 35, 2215-2220.

Narayanasamy, P., Jaganathan, T., 1975. Studies on the seed transmission of black gram leaf crinkle virus effect of age of plants at infection. Madras Agricultural Journal 62, 287-290.

Nawaz, R.M.S., Narayanasamy, P., 1983. Interaction on powdery mildew and leaf crinkle virus of black gram. Madras Agricultural Journal 70, 487-488.

Negi, H., Vishunavat, K., 2006. Urdbean leaf crinkle infection in relation to plant age, seed quality, seed transmission and yield in urdbean. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences 14, 169-172.

Nene, Y.L., 1972. A survey of viral diseases of pulse crops in Uttar Pradesh. Phytopathology 28, 80-82.

Pushpalatha, K.C., Prakash, H.S., Albrechtsen, S.E., Shetty, H.S., Mathur, S.B., 1999. Transmission of urdbean leaf crinkle virus through urdbean seeds. Seed Research 27, 112-115.

Ravinder, R.C., Tonapi, V.A., Varanavasiappan, S., Navi, S.S., Jayarajan, R., 2005. Influence of plant age on infection and symptomatological studies on urd bean leaf crinkle virus in urd bean (Vigna mungo). International Journal of Agriculture Sciences 1, 1-6.

Reddy, C., Ravandar, V., Tonapi, V.A., Varanavasiappan, S., Navi, S.S., Jayarajan, R., 2006. Management of urdbean leaf crinkle virus in urdbean (Vigna Mungo L. Hepper). International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2, 8-10.

Reddy, C., Tonapi, V.A., Varanavasiappan, S., Navi, S.S., Jayarajan, R., 2005. Influence of plant age on infection and symptom logical studies on urdbean leaf crinkle virus in urdbean (Vigna mungo). International Journal of Agricultural Sciences 1, 1-6.

Sahay, N.S., Varma, A., 1999. Piriformospora indica: a new biological hardening tool for micropropagated plants. FEMS Microbiology Letters 181, 297-302.

Saleem, T., Khan, M.A., Rehman, A., Mustafa, A., 2018. Evaluation of different plant extracts in reducing Bemisia tabaci and urdbean leaf crinkle virus (ulcv) disease incidence on greengram. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology 30, 07-10.

Singh, J.P., 1980. Effect of virus diseases on growth components and yield of mung bean (Vigna radiata) and urd bean (Vigna mungo). Indian Phytopathology 33, 405-408.

Sravika, A., Kennedy, J.S., Rajabaskar, D., Rajeswari, E., 2018. Transmission studies of Leaf Crinkle Virus in Blackgram (Vigna mungo L.). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 7, 2514-2523.

Thirumalaisamy, P.P., Rathi, Y.P.S., Tripathi, H.S., 2003. Screening of some plant extracts inhibitory to urdbean leaf crinkle virus. Indian Phytopathology 56, 233-235.

Williams, F.J., Grewal, J.S., Amin, K.S., 1968. Serious and new diseases of pulse crops in India in 1966. Plant Disease Reporter 52, 300-304.

Zerbini, F.M., Briddon, R.W., Idris, A., Martin, D.P., Moriones, E., Navas-Castillo, J., Rivera-Bustamante, R., Roumagnac, P., Varsani, A., 2017. ICTV virus taxonomy profile: Geminiviridae. The Journal of General Virology 98, 131.

Zeshan, M.A., Ali, S., Khan, M.A., Sahi, S.T., 2012. Role of nutrients and naphthalene acetic acid in the management of urdbean leaf crinkle virus. Pakistan Journal of Phytopathology 24, 79-81.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.