Effect of different fungicide seed treatments on the occurrence of gram wilt

Wali Muhammad, Ijaz Ahmad, Hassan Tariq Bhatti, Muhammad Irshad, Umair Akhtar


Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is the world’s third most important pulse crop. It belongs to the pea family with short, hairy pods containing usually two seeds. Chickpea is an important high protein crop of “Thal” area in Pakistan having major source of protein in animal feed and human diet especially for low income group, by supplementing their cereal diets. Efficacy of three different fungicides was studied in field laboratory against occurrence of gram wilt. Field study showed that Divind Star 036FS (difenconazole + cyproconazole) @1 ml/ kg of seed was proved to be best by minimum disease occurrence with mean of 7.18% compared with 39.26% in control. Although statistically similar results were obtained of all three fungicide treatments with efficacy order of Divind Star 036FS > Teranil 45 DP > Dynasty 125 FS. Divind Star 036FS was also proved most effective for better yield followed by Teranil 45 DP (bromothelanil) 5 gm/ kg of seed with mean of 340.67 & 332.66 grams per m² respectively. Control plot showed minimum yield with mean of 193 grams/ m². Comparative study of percent germination of gram crop in field after seed treatment with three different fungicides showed that Dynasty 125 FS (ezoxystrobin + fludioxonil + mefenoxam) @ 3 ml/ kg of seed was best with maximum mean germination of 78.33% over control with mean germination of 55% only.


Chickpea; Gram wilt; Seed treatment; Occurrence of gram wilt; Cicer arietinum

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33804/pp.003.02.0124


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