Screening the Varietal Resistance and Mating Disruption Management of Cotton Bollworm Helicoverpa armigera and Pectinophora gossipyilla at Sibi Balochistan

Sajjad Ali Khuhro, Ghulam Hussain Jatoi, Umed Ali Laghari, Khan Muhammad Zangejo, Asim Shamim


Cotton bollworms cause huge losses and are mainly controlled through the synthetic chemicals, however, chemical control does not always effective due to the larvae’s obscure feeding habit. Therefore, varietal resistance and insect mating disruption by using of sex pheromone and light traps were used in present research. The results revealed overall highest seasonal population of Helicoverpa armigera (3.75±0.37) on cotton SS-32 variety, followed by (2.41±0.17), (2.35±0.21), and (2.00±0.19), IUB-13, Nayab-878, and J-5 Pectinophora gossypiella (3.00 ± 0.72) on cotton variety Nayab-878 followed by population of 2.99±0.27, 2.50±0.31, and 1.65±0.22 on cotton varieties J-5, SS-32 and IUB-13 respectively. In addition, maximum yield production was recorded from J-5 (1025 kg ha-1), followed by Nayab-878 (962 kg ha-1) and IUB-13 (835 kg ha-1), respectively. Results, of field trials revealed overall H. armigera (61.25±5.28/15 sex pheromone traps ha-1) followed by (37.45±6.28/10 ha-1) and (20.79 ± 4.28 /6 ha-1) and P. gossipyilla (58.08±7.58 ha-1) followed by (45.41±4.88/10 ha-1) and (31.45±3.28/6 ha-1) were captured, respectively. Further, lowest infestation level of H. armigera (2.25±0.28%/15 sex pheromone traps ha-1) followed by (6.60±0.80 %/10 ha-1), (6.60±0.80% /10 ha-1) and (20.45±4.80% control plots) and P. gossipyilla (2.10±0.21 %/15 ha-1) followed by (7.41±0.96 %/10 ha-1), (9.45±0.98 % /10 ha-1) and (19.15 ± 4.87 % control plots) were recorded, respectively. On the other hand, maximum number of H. armigera (24.30±4.35 /8 light traps ha-1) followed by (22.00±3.30/6 ha-1) and (17.50±3.12 /4 ha-1) were recorded and P. gossipyilla (24.00±4.28 /6 ha-1) followed by (21.00±3.40 /8 ha-1) and (20.15±2.70 /4 ha-1) were caught, respectively. As results, the lowest infestation level by H. armigera (7.60±1.12 % /6 light traps ha-1) followed by (8.25±1.20 % /8 ha-1), and (10.79±1.80 % /4 ha-1) and (20.45±4.80 % control plots) and P. gossipyilla (6.10±0.90 % /8 ha-1) followed by (7.45±1.15 % /6 ha-1), (8.40±1.38 % /4 ha-1) and (19.15±4.87% control plots) were recorded, respectively. Taken to gather, 10 or 15 sex pheromone traps/hectare and 6 and 10 light traps/ hectare should be installed in cotton crop to reduce the population frequency of bollworm and crop damage tendency in the cotton field for the better production.


Cotton; Bollworms; Sex Pheromone; Light Traps

Full Text:



Abbott, W. S. 1925. A method of computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology, 18: 265-67.

Alfaro, C., V. Navarro-Llopis and J. Primo. 2009. Optimization of pheromone dispenser density for managing the rice striped stem borer, Chilo suppressalis (Walker), by mating disruption. Crop Protection, 28: 567-72.

Amin, T. 2016. Pink Bollworm causes huge cotton loss. In Business Recoreder (Ed.).

Arif, M. J., G. Abbas and S. Saeed. 2007. Cotton in danger, Dawn, March 24th, pp. 4.

Asif, M., R. Muhammad, W. Akbar, M. Sohail and M. Awais. 2018. Field evaluation of advanced cotton genotypes against insect pest complex in agro-climatic conditions of Tandojam, Sindh. Journal of Innovative Sciences, 4: 83-89.

Chen, R.-z. and M. G. Klein. 2012. Efficacy of insecticides against the Rice Stem-borer, Chilo suppressalis (Walker)(Lepidoptera: Crambidae), and use of sex pheromones to time accurately the yearly application. International Journal of Pest Management, 58: 354-60.

Frank, S. D. 2012. Reduced risk insecticides to control scale insects and protect natural enemies in the production and maintenance of urban landscape plants. Environmental entomology, 41: 377-86.

Ghafoor, A., M. Hassan, Z. H. Alvi and S. Kousar. 2011. Impact of different varieties of stub cotton on population dynamics of whitefly at Faisalabad, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 43: 25-28.

Graham, B. and P. Barfoot. 2009. Global impact of biotech crops: Income and production effects, 1996-2007. Agbioforum, 12: 129-37.

Henneberry, T. J. and S. E. Naranjo. 1998. Integrated management approaches for pink bollworm in the southwestern United States. Integrated pest management reviews, 3: 31-52.

Huang, J., R. Hu, C. Pray, F. Qiao and S. Rozelle. 2003. Biotechnology as an alternative to chemical pesticides: A case study of BT cotton in China. Agricultural economics, 29: 55-67.

Hussain, M., M. Akram, Q. Abbas, S. Ahmad, T. Babar and H. Karar. 2014. Impact of environmental factors on the population dynamics of leafhopper Amrasca biguttula ishida (Homoptera: Jassidae) on various transgenic cotton genotypes in Multan. Academic Journal of Entomology, 7: 27-31.

Javaid, M., M. J. Arif, M. D. Gogi, M. R. Shahid, M. S. Iqbal, R. Bibi and M. A. Shehzad. 2012. Relative resistance in different cultivars of Pakistani cotton against cotton whitefly. Academic Journal of Entomology, 5: 143-46.

Khan, M. J., M. S. Zia and M. Qasim. 2010. Use of pesticides and their role in environmental pollution. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology, 72: 122-28.

Khan, S. M. 2011. Varietal performance and chemical control used as tactics against sucking insect pests of cotton. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 27: 255-61.

Khidr, A., S. Kostandy, M. Abbas, M. El-Kordy and O. El-Gougary. 1990. Host plants, other than cotton, for the pink boll worm Pectinophora gossypiella and the spiny bollworm Earias insulana. Agricultural Research Review, 68: 135-39.

Khuhro, S. N., K. Abdullah, M. F. Hassan, M. A. Talpur and A. Keerio. 2020. Exploration of predatory spiders on cotton pests in sprayed and un-sprayed Cotton fields of ccri-Sakrand-Sindh-Pakistan. Journal of Applied Research in Plant Sciences, 1: 36-41.

Lykouressis, D., D. Perdikis, D. Samartzis, A. Fantinou and S. Toutouzas. 2005. Management of the pink bollworm Pectinophora gossypiella (Saunders)(Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) by mating disruption in cotton fields. Crop Protection, 24: 177-83.

Muhammad, A. and S. Anjum. 2010. Studying the sucking insect pests community in transgenic BT cotton. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 12: 764-68.

Oñate, D. and T. Burton. 1965. Estimation of stem borer damage in rice fields.

Pan, H., B. Liu, Y. Lu and N. Desneux. 2014. Identification of the key weather factors affecting overwintering success of Apolygus lucorum eggs in dead host tree branches. PLoS One, 9: e94190.

Pratheepa, M., K. Meena, K. Subramaniam, R. Venugopalan and H. Bheemanna. 2010. Seasonal population fluctuations of cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) in relation to biotic and abiotic environmental factors at Raichur, Karnataka, India. Journal of Biological Control, 24: 47-50.

Razaq, M., M. Aslam, S. A. Shad and M. Naeem. 2004. Evaluation of some new promising cotton strains against bollworm complex. Evaluation, 15: 313-18.

Reddy, G. V., P. Shi, C. Hui, X. Cheng, F. Ouyang and F. Ge. 2015. The seesaw effect of winter temperature change on the recruitment of cotton bollworms Helicoverpa armigera through mismatched phenology. Ecology and Evolution, 5: 5652-61.

Salman, M., A. Masood, M. Arif, S. Saeed and M. Hamed. 2011. The resistance levels of different cotton varieties against sucking insect pests complex in Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Sciences, 27: 168-75.

Witzgall, P., L. Stelinski, L. Gut and D. Thomson. 2008. Codling moth management and chemical ecology. Annual Review of Entomology, 53: 503-22.



Copyright (c) 2021 Dr Ghulam Hussain Jatoi

Journal of Plant and Environment
ISSN: 2710-1665 (Online), 2710-1657 (Print)
© EScience Press. All Rights Reserved.