Evaluation of Genetic Diversity in Barley (Hordeum vulgare) Genotypes using Protein Profiling

Manal Eid


The knowledge of the genetic diversity of barley (Hordeum vulgare) genotypes based on protein polymorphism is very important for breeding programs. The purpose of the current study was to determine the genetic diversity and relationships among ten barley genotypes by using Sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) for protein profiles. A total number of 30 bands with molecular weights ranging from 12 to 148 KD were detected. Out of these, five bands were observed monomorphic. Rest of the bands had shown polymorphism to the extent of 83.3% among the test genotypes. The genetic similarity of the ten genotypes tested varied from 0.26 to 1.00 with an average of 0.51. Cluster analysis divided the ten genotypes into two major clusters comprising four subclusters, which was consistent with the systematic classification of barley done in previous studies. The results of this study indicated that the genotypes of barley could effectively be differentiated based on polymorphism, detected between protein patterns. SDS-PAGE presented a higher differentiation power and better repeatability; thus, could be used as a rapid and reliable method for genetic diversity analysis and laid a solid foundation for future barley breeding.


Barley; SDS-PAGE; genetic diversity; polymorphism; cluster analysis

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.33687/pbg.006.01.2449


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