Akinneye J. Onaolapo


This study investigated the insecticidal activity of parts of Cleistopholis patens against developmental stages of Plodia interpunctella in stored maize grains. The efficacies of the powders as contact and fumigant insecticides were evaluated by admixing different concentrations (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2.0 and 2.5g) to maize grains containing developmental stages of the moth. Egg hatchability, adult emergence, larvae mortality and adult mortality of the moth were used as indices of the insecticidal activities at 24hrs, 48hrs, 72hrs, and 96hrs post-treatment periods. The powders from the root bark and stem bark of C. patens completely inhibited egg hatching and adult emergence as both contact and fumigant insecticide. Also, they evoked 100% mortality at 2.5% protectant concentration at 96hrs post-treatment period against larvae and adult P. interpunctella. The leaf powder was the least effective as both contact and fumigant insecticide.


Mortality; development; insecticidal; protectant; powder; oil

Full Text:



Abbott, W. 1925. A method for computing the effectiveness of an insecticide. Journal of Economic Entomology. 18:265-267.

Adedire, C.O. 2002. Use of nutmeg, Myristica fragrans (Houtt) powder and oil for the control of cowpea storage Bruchid, Callosobruchus maculatus. Journal of Plant Disease and Protect 109: 193-199.

Adedire, C.O and L. Lajide. 2001. Efficacy of Powders of some Plants in the Control of the Pulse Beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus (F.) (Coleptera: Bruchidae) Journal of Applied Tropical Agriculture 6: 11-15.

Adedire, C.O and L. Lajide. 2003. Ability of extracts of ten tropical plant species to protect maize grains against infestation by the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais, during storage. Nigeria of Journal Experimental Applied Biology 4:175-179.

Adedire, C.O., O. O. Obembe, R. O. Akinkurolere and O. Oduleye. 2011. Response of Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Chysomelidae: Bruchidae) to extract of cashew kernels. Journal of Plant Disease and Protection, 118(2), 75-79.

Adonu, C.C., O. P. Ugwu, C. O. Esimone, E. C. Ossai, A. Bawa, A. C. Nwaka and C. U. Okorie. 2013. Phytochemical analyses of methanol, hot water and n-hexane extracts of the aerial parts of Sassytha filiformis Linn and leaves of Cleistopholis patens (Benth). Resources Journal of Pharmaceutical Biology Chemistry Science 4(2): 1143-1149.

Akinkurolere, R.O., C. O. Adedire and O. O. Odeyemi. 2006. Laboratory evaluation of the toxic properties of forest anchomanes, Anhomanes difformis, against pulse beetle, Callosobruchus maculatus (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). Insect Sc. 13: 25-29.

Akinneye, J.O. 2003. Biology and control of the yam moth, Euzopheroides vapidella (Mann) Lepidotera: Pyralidae). Federal University of Technology, Akure, M.Tech.Thesis pp 65.

Akinneye, J.O. 2011. Aspects of Biology and Control of Tropical Warehouse Moth, E. cautella (Walker) (Lepidotera: Pyralidae) in Cocoa Beans. Ph.D. Thesis. Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. pp. 59.

Almasi, R. 1984. The effect of nutrition on fertility and number of generations of Indian meal moth Plodia interpunctella Hbn. (Lepidotera: Pryralidae), infesting cocoa beans in storage. pp 25.

Arannilewa, S.T., T. Ekrakene and J. O. Akinneye. 2006. Laboratory evaluation of four medicinal plants as protection against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais. African Journal of Biotechnology 5(21): 2032-2036.

Ashamo, M.O. 2000. Bionomics and control of the yam moth, Dasyses rugosella (Stainton) (Lepidotera: Tineidae). Federal University of Technology, Akure, School of Postgraduates Studies, Ondo State, Nigeria. D. Phil Thesis 187pp.

Ashamo, M.O and J. O. Akinneye. 2004. Toxicity of powder of some tropical plants against yam moth, Euzopheroides vapidella (Mann) (Lepidotera: Pyralidae). Nigeria Journal of Experimental and Applied Biology, 5:63-68.

Ashamo, M.O., O. O. Odeyemi and O. C. Ogunbite. 2013. Protection of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata L. (Walp.) with Newbouldia laevis (Seem.) extracts against infestation by Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabricius), Archives of phytopathology and plant protection 46(11): 1295-1306.

Echendu, T.N.C. 1991. Ginger, Cashew and neem as surface protectant of cowpea against infestation and damage by Callosobruchus maculatus (F). Tropical Science 31: 209-211.

Fasulo, T.R and M. A. Knox. 2009. University of Florida Featured Creatures. Indian meal moth, Plodia interpunctella (Hubner).

Ileke, K.D and M. O. Oni. 2011. Toxicity of some plant powders to maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais (motschulsky) Coleoptera: Curculiondae) on stored wheat grains. African Journal Agriculture Research. 6: 3043-3048.

Keita, S.M., C. Vincent, J. Schmit, J. T. Arnason and A. Belanger. 2001. Efficacy of oil of Ocimum basilicum L. and O. gratissimum L. applied as an insecticidal fumigant and powder to control Callosobruchus maculatus (Fabr.). Journal of Stored Products Research 37: 339-349.

Lale, N.E.S. 1992. A laboratory study of the comparative toxicity of products from three species to the maize weevil, Post-harvest Biology and Technology 2: 61-64.

Leelaja, B.C., Y. Rajashekar, R. P. Vanitha, K. Begum and S. Rajendran. 2007. Enhanced fumigant toxicity of allyl acetate to stored-product beetles in the process of carbon dioxide. Journal of Stored Product Resources, 43: 45-48.

Ofuya, T.I and E. O. Dawodu. 2002. Aspects of insecticidal of Piper guineense powder against Callosobrchus maculatus. Nigerian Journal Entomology Society 19: 40-50.

Olawumi, F.K. 2014. Some Aspects of Biology and Control of P. interpunctella (Hubner) (Lepidotera: Pyralidae). M. Tech Thesis, Federal University of Technology, Akure, Nigeria. pp. 74.

Oliver, D. 1960. Medicinal plants in Nigeria 1st edition. Nigerian College of Arts, Science and Technology, Ibadan. Pp 43-53.

Oni, M.O and K. D. Ileke. 2008. Insecticidal efficacy of oil extracts of Balanites aegyptiaca seeds and cashew nuts against Callosobruchus maculatus Fabr. (Coleoptera: Bruchidae). African Journal of Agricultural Research.

Pathak, C.S and S. K. Tiwari. 2010. Toxicological effects of neem, Azadirachta indica A. Juss leaf powder against the ontogeny of Corcyra cephalonica (Staint.) (Lepidotera: Pyralidae). Journal of Biopesticides 3(3):617-621.

Philips, T.W., R. C. Berbert and G. W. Cuperus. 2000a. Post-harvest integrated pest management. In: Francis, F. J. (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Food Science and Technology. 2nd ed. Wiley Inc., New York, pp. 2690-2701.

Philips, T.W., P. M. Cogan and H. Y. Fadamiro. 2000b. Pheromones. In: Subramanyam, B., Hagstrum, D. W. (Eds.), Alternatives to Pesticides in Stored-product IPM. Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, pp. 273 – 302.

Sharaby, A. 1998. Anti-insect properties of the essential oil of lemon grass, Cymopogen citrates against the lesser cotton leafworm Spodoptera exiqua (Hbn). Insect Science Applications 9(1): 77-80.

Simmons, P and H. D. Nelson. 1975. Insects on dried fruits. USDA Agricultural Handbook.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Entomological Research

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

International Journal of Entomological Research
ISSN: 2310-3906 (Online), 2310-5119 (Print).
© EScience Press. All Rights Reserved.